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Maternal & Child Health
Fertility & Family Planning
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Demography

Family Planning Survey

Since 1998 the Philippine Population Management Program (PPMP) has promoted family planning through the reproductive health approach (Commission of Population, 1997). The Department of Health (DOH) established the Reproductive Health (RH) Program in 1998 with the goal of providing Filipino women with access to a comprehensive package of quality RH services. Family Planning (FP) is one of the critical elements under this program. Under the context of the RH approach, the Philippine Family Planning Program promotes FP as a health intervention to promote the health of all Filipinos but with special attention to women and children. The program aims achieving the desired fertility and eventually population growth that matches economic growth thereby contributing to a sustainable development (Department of Health, 2001).



Functional Literacy, Education & Mass Media Survey

A nationwide survey conducted every five years, FLEMMS seeks to gather information on the following: functional literacy status, educational and skills qualification, and exposure to mass media of the population. This survey was first conducted in 1989 with about 20,000 sample households.

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National Demographic & Health Survey

In the absence of comprehensive registration of population and vital statistics, demographic surveys are the primary source of data used in monitoring the progress and evaluating the impact of the population program of the country. The Philippine Population Program was officially launched in 1970. Since then, it has undergone many changes in its policy and program directions. In the beginning, the program was centered on fertility reduction and contraceptive distribution, using a clinic-based approach. In the 1970s, the family planning program shifted to a family welfare approach, adopting a combined clinic and community-based delivery approach. In the 1980s, the population policy was restated, calling for the broadening of population concerns beyond fertility reduction to cover family formation, the status of women, maternal and child health, morbidity and mortality, population distribution and urbanization, internal and international migration, and population structure (Commission on Population, 1997:1).



Census of Population

The census of population is the source of information on the size and distribution of the population as well as the information about the demographic, social, economic, and cultural characteristics. This information is vital for making rational plans and programs for development.
Under Commonwealth Act No. 591, the Bureau of the Census and Statistics (now National Statistics Office) is authorized to prepare and undertake all censuses of population, agriculture, industry and commerce.
Batas Pambansa Blg. 72, which was passed on June 11, 1980, further accorded the NSO the authority to conduct population censuses every ten years beginning in 1980 without prejudice to the undertaking of special censuses on agriculture, industry, commerce, housing and others sectors as may be approved by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA).
Moreover, Executive Order No. 121, otherwise known as the Reorganization Act of the Philippine Statistical System, which was issued on January 30, 1987, declared that the NSO shall be the major statistical agency responsible for generating general purpose statistics and for undertaking such censuses and surveys as may be designated by the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB).
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